By Ellen Madeker
1. 1 Entstehung der Forschungsidee Am 17. Dezember 2004 battle es endlich soweit. Nach Jahrzehnten der Verhandlungen und „Aufs und Abs“ der Beziehungen zwischen der ecu und der Türkei entschied der Europäische Rat für eine Aufnahme von Beitrittsverhandlungen mit der Türkei. Seit Monaten, ja seit Jahren, hatte die „Türkei-Frage“ die europäische Öffentlichkeit po- risiert, Feuilletons gefüllt, Podiumsdiskussionen und Symposien ins Leben gerufen und politische Lager entzweit. So entstand die Forschungsidee zu der vorliegenden Diss- tation im Kontext der zunehmend lauter werdenden Debatten zum Thema „EU-Beitritt der Türkei“ im Vorfeld des EU-Gipfels Ende 2004. Nie zuvor hatte ein Beitrittsgesuch eine solch lautstarke und emotionale Debatte entzündet, die Geographen, Historiker, Theologen, Politologen, Ökonomen und Soziologen gleichermaßen auf den Plan rief. Türkei: (k)ein Teil Europas? In der „Türkei-Debatte“, um eine eingehendere examine derer es im Folgenden gehen soll, stand einerseits die Frage im Zentrum, inwieweit die Türkei den Katalog der - penhagener Kriterien erfüllt. Diese betreffen vor allem die Stabilität der Institutionen, Demokratie, Rechtsstaatlichkeit, funktionierende Marktwirtschaft, Achtung und Schutz von Minderheiten sowie die Übernahme gemeinschaftlicher Regeln, criteria und Politiken, die die Gesamtheit des EU-Rechts darstellen und auch als acquis com- nautaire bezeichnet werden. Andererseits – und hier liegt das eigentliche Spezifikum der Debatte – wurde erstmals in der Geschichte der ecu die Frage nach dem europ- schen Charakter eines Beitrittskandidaten dezidiert in den Mittelpunkt der Diskussion gerückt.
By George Giannakidis, Maryse Labriet, Brian Ó Gallachóir, GianCarlo Tosato
This ebook highlights how energy-system versions are used to underpin and help strength and weather mitigation coverage judgements at nationwide, multi-country and worldwide degrees. It brings jointly, for the 1st time in a single quantity, a number methodological techniques and case reviews of excellent modeling perform on a countrywide and overseas scale from the IEA-ETSAP power know-how initiative. It presents insights for the reader into the wealthy and sundry functions of energy-system versions and the underlying methodologies and coverage questions they could handle. The publication demonstrates how those types are used to respond to advanced coverage questions, together with these when it comes to strength defense, weather switch mitigation and the optimum allocation of power assets. it's going to entice power engineers and know-how experts searching for a motive for innovation within the box of strength applied sciences and insights into their evolving expenses and merits. power economists will achieve an figuring out of the main destiny position of power applied sciences and coverage makers will learn the way energy-system modeling groups promises targeted views on nationwide power and surroundings demanding situations. The ebook is punctiliously established into 3 components which specialize in i) coverage judgements which were underpinned via energy-system types, ii) particular features of provide and end-use zone modeling, together with expertise studying and behaviour and iii) how extra insights may be won from linking energy-system types with different types. The chapters elucidate key methodological good points sponsored up with concrete functions. The publication demonstrates the excessive measure of suppleness of the modeling instruments used to symbolize super diversified strength platforms, from nationwide to international levels.
By Anastasia Malek (auth.), Anastasia Malek (eds.)
Metastatic dissemination of melanoma is a primary explanation for melanoma similar deaths, accordingly organic mechanisms implicated in metastatic approach provides an important item of melanoma learn. This learn calls for production and usage of enough laboratory versions. The publication describes major techniques to version tactics of metastatic melanoma dissemination and metastases improvement. The publication is based in in accordance with a number of metastatic pathways reflecting molecular specificity of metastatic strategy in addition to anatomical specificity of aria of dissemination. each one bankruptcy is brought by way of brief dialogue of scientific facets of convinced metastatic pathway. Especial cognizance is paid for ways of visualization, quantification and research of the modeled metastases. extra bankruptcy is dedicated to tools of mathematic modeling of tumor unfold. the information awarded within the publication will be worthwhile for melanoma researchers and oncologists.
By Wenceslao J. Gonzalez
This e-book develops a philosophico-methodological research of prediction and its function in economics. Prediction performs a key function in economics in numerous methods. it may be visible as a simple technological know-how, as an utilized technological know-how and within the software of this technology. First, it's utilized by monetary concept for you to try out the on hand wisdom. during this regard, prediction has been provided because the clinical try out for economics as a technological know-how. moment, prediction presents a content material in regards to the attainable destiny that may be used for prescription in utilized economics. hence, it may be used as a advisor for fiscal coverage, i.e., as wisdom about the destiny to be hired for the solution of particular difficulties. 3rd, prediction additionally has a task within the software of this technology within the public enviornment. this is often during the decision-making of the brokers ― participants or businesses ― in fairly various settings, either within the realm of microeconomics and macroeconomics.
Within this context, the examine is geared up in 5 elements, which debate proper features of the position of prediction in economics: I) the matter of prediction as a try for a technological know-how; II) the final orientation in technique of technology and the matter of prediction as a systematic try; III) The methodological framework of social sciences and economics: prevalence for prediction as a try out; IV) Epistemology and technique of financial prediction: Rationality and empirical ways and V) Methodological points of monetary prediction: From description to prescription. hence, the publication is of curiosity for philosophers and economists in addition to policy-makers looking to make sure the roots in their functionality. the fashion used lends itself to a large audience.
By Wojtek J. Krzanowski
This booklet offers a cutting-edge precis at the common subject matter of descriptive multivariate research. It involves a set of commissioned, edited articles via a world staff of prime researchers: Phipps Arabie (Rutgers collage) writes on "Clustering from the point of view of Combinatorial facts Analysis". Bernard Flury (Indiana collage) contains a few hugely novel and formerly unpublished paintings in "Principal part types for Patterned Covariance Matrices". David Edwards' (University of Novi Nordisk, Denmark) "Graphical Modelling" and the bankruptcy on "Convergent Computation" offer thorough and priceless surveys of contemporary learn no longer on hand in different texts on multivariate research. different contributions contain James Ramsay (McGill college, Montreal); Clause Wiehs (CIBA-GEIGY, Bosle); Willen Heiser (University of Leiden); and Ruben Gabriel (University of Rochester, New York). the cloth should still offer an invaluable reference for graduate scholars and researchers.
By H. S. Bear
The Lebesgue imperative is now ordinary for either functions and complex arithmetic. This books begins with a overview of the regular calculus fundamental after which constructs the Lebesgue vital from the floor up utilizing a similar rules. A Primer of Lebesgue Integration has been used effectively either within the school room and for person examine. undergo provides a transparent and easy advent for these cause on additional research in larger arithmetic. also, this ebook serves as a refresher delivering new perception for these within the box. the writer writes with an enticing, common sense variety that appeals to readers in any respect degrees.