This not easy and unique publication questions the approved conclusions of synoptic examine. It argues, first, that Matthew is an edition and enlargement of Mark by means of midrash - that's, through general Jewish expository strategies - looking on no written resource except Mark, and basically to a truly small volume on oral culture; and, secondly, that Matthew was once written to be learn in Christian worship around the 12 months, as a cycle of classes following the Jewish festal lectionary. half I establishes the features of the Matthaean demeanour - his vocabulary, his rhythms and photographs, the shape and mode of his parables. With loads ordinary of Matthew as a gospel, assets except Mark develop into steadily much less believable. half II is a observation at the gospel from this base. It reveals a easy Marcan textual content for every new unit and a explanation for its improvement, and works out intimately the correspondence among the 5 educating sections of Matthew and the 5 Jewish festal seasons of Pentecost, New Year-Atonement, Tabernacles, commitment, and Passover. A awesome piece of corroborative proof is located within the part numbers of the outdated Greek manuscript culture. Michael Goulder believes that lectionary schemes additionally underlie Mark and Luke, and that at the very least one significant a part of the outdated testomony, the paintings of the Chronicler, has the same personality. A gospel, in reality, isn't a literary style in any respect, yet a liturgical one. Matthew himself comes into concentration as a switched over Jewish scribe who possessed the substance of the Pauline instructing, and who has been the dominant impact in forming the Church's photo of Jesus in his model of Mark by way of midrash and during lection.